The legislative election event and 2019 presidential election only need to count the days. Behind the hustle and bustle of the legislative election and presidential election campaign, concerns were raised, especially about the “security” of data. Because, no matter how sophisticated information technology (IT) is, there is always an opportunity to be hacked.
“Everyone is full attention to it (the 2019 presidential election). The focus is on the presidential election. Once it becomes the centre of attention, it is a very good target. Anyone who is related and interested is targeted,” said SEA Kaspersky Lab Indonesia Territory Channel Manager, Dony Koesmandarin.
According to him, there might be people who have bad intentions, paying hackers to carry out cyber attacks, breaking into 2019 presidential election data. Economic motives are the reason for hackers to manipulate data. They are like paid digital soldiers.
Concerns about cyber attacks that could disrupt the 2019 presidential election data emerged based on the experience of the 2016 US presidential election won by Donald Trump. In fact, in previous polls, Donald Trump always lost to his rival, Hillary Clinton.
In-depth and thorough analysis of online activities during the campaign in the US raises strong suspicions that target cyber attacks by hackers and trolls from Russia that determine the election results. Unfortunately, this assumption is difficult to prove so that it only becomes a conspiracy theory. Trump rejected the idea of Russian interference influencing election results in the US in 2016, and called it a “made-up story,” “ridiculous,” and “hoax.”
Returning to the 2019 presidential election, Director of the State Cyber and Password Agency (BSSN) Threat Detection, Sulistyo, explained that there were at least three concerns about cyber attacks. First, cyber attacks are hacking that attacks infrastructure.
Second, cyber attacks related to leaks. This leak is usually the fault of the person responsible for cyber security at the General Election Commission (KPU) and the General Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) that hackers can use. However, not only in the KPU and Bawaslu, data leaks can also occur in two pairs of presidential and vice-presidential candidates.
Third, after breaking into sensitive data belonging to the candidate and then processing it in such a way or twisting it to degrade their figures, hackers do black campaigns and copy them using social media.
Based on information technology experts, the economic losses from cyber attacks are classified into three key categories. First, direct loss, which is a loss that is directly related to cyber burglary and the consequences directly. Second, indirect loss, which is opportunity costs for the organization, including losses arising from the response after burglary. Third, induced loss, which is a greater negative impact on the ecosystem and the wider economy.
That is just an economic loss, it cannot be imagined the impact of this cyber attack from the political, defence and security aspects of the country. Especially if this cyber attack is able to manipulate the 2019 presidential election data. The consequences are terrible because the legitimacy of the elected president becomes weak. It is feared there will be chaos between the two supporters, horizontal conflict, government vacuum.
As an institution responsible for the success of the legislative election and the 2019 presidential election, the KPU and Bawaslu assisted by the BSSN must strengthen the network and capabilities of information technology devices so that they cannot be hacked by those who have the goal of causing security disturbances in Indonesia before and after the 2019 presidential election.